* HIP RATINGS

HD-Frei, HD-A, HD/A, HD-0, HD/0, OFA “E” – Excellent hips – Breedable

HD+/-, HD-B, HD/B, HD-TC, HD/1, HD-1, OFA “G” – Good hips – Breedable

HD+, HD-C, HD/C, HD/2, HD-2, OFA “F” – Fair hips – Breedable

HD++, HD-D, HD/D, HD/3, HD-3 – Mild dysplasia – Unbreedable

HD+++, HD-E, HD/E, HD/4, HD-4 -Severe dysplasia – Unbreedable

* ELBOW RATINGS

ED-Frei, ED-0, ED/0, OFA Normal – No dysplasia

ED+/-, ED-1, ED/1 – Almost no dysplasia

ED+, ED-2, ED/2 – Light dysplasia

ED++, ED-3, ED/3 – Middle dysplasia

ED+++, ED-4, ED/4 – Severe dysplasia

* Hip Dysplasia

Hip dysplasia results from the abnormal development of the hip joint in the young dog.

* OFA

The method used by the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA) has been the standard for many years.
The ratings for the hips are “excellent”, “good”, “fair” or not passing.